Unfolding for CHR programs

Maurizio Gabbrielli, Univ. of Bologna, Italy
Maria Chiara Meo, Univ. of Chieti-Pescara, Italy
Paolo Tacchella, Univ. of Bologna, Italy
Herbert Wiklicky, Imperial College, London


Program transformation is an appealing technique which allows to improve run-time efficiency, space-consumption, and more generally to optimize a given program. Essentially, it consists of a sequence of syntactic program manipulations which preserves some kind of semantic equivalence. Unfolding is one of the basic operations which is used by most program transformation systems and which consists in the replacement of a procedure call by its definition. While there is a large body of literature on transformation and unfolding of sequential programs, very few papers have addressed this issue for concurrent languages.
This paper defines an unfolding system for CHR programs. We define an unfolding rule, show its correctness and discuss some conditions which can be used to delete an unfolded rule while preserving the program meaning. We also prove that, under some suitable conditions, confluence and termination are preserved by the above transformation.

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